The flowers are white with five small petals, produced in terminal cymes 4–8 centimetres (1.6–3.1 in) diameter. The lobes In NC, it is reported in mountain and piedmont counties only. Maple-leaf Viburnum offers an equally attractive, and more nuanced display. in opulus (European Cranberry Bush), that also produces large Carolina Red Maple, Acer rubrum var. It often will form a short colony, making it a great plant to use as a low hedge or border. Maple-leaved viburnum is a very common, shade-tolerant shrub in the understory of beech-maple forests, particularly in southern New England. Cultivation: Showy creamy-white flowers are followed by pinkish-red berries that provide an excellent food source for birds. It attracts butterflies and birds. Faunal Viburnum acerifolium Conservation status Secure Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Dipsacales Family: Adoxaceae Genus: Viburnum Species: V. acerifolium Binomial name Viburnum acerifolium L. Natural range in North America Viburnum acerifolium, the mapleleaf viburnum, maple-leaved arrowwood or dockmackie, is a species of Viburnum… Individual panicles span about 1½–3" across. Leaves: The leaf arrangement is opposite. central pistil. Maple Leaf Viburnum; Mapleleaf Viburnum; ... Mapleleaf Viburnum is a native deciduous suckering shrub found in eastern and central USA and the Piedmont and mountains of NC. Maple-leaf viburnum occurs in upland forests, hillsides, and ravine slopes. During the fall, the leaves can assume different colors, where sandstone lies at or near the ground surface. The scientific and common names refer to the superficial similarity of the leaves to those of some maples (Acer); the plant is occasionally mistaken for young maples, but is readily distinguished by the flowers and fruit; the viburnum produces small, purple berries, while maples produce dry, winged seeds. visited by wasps, beetles, butterflies, and skippers. If you are looking for a flowering shrub that will add beauty to your landscape, one of the popular Viburnum shrubs may be a great addition. White-Tailed Deer may browse on the twigs and habitats where the shade is not too dense. Dockmackie. This about ¼" across, consisting of a white corolla with 5 petaloid lobes, a It is a smaller member of the Viburnum genus, averaging only 4-6 feet tall. They are found commonly on hillsides and in forests, and in landscaping they are best used as borders/hedges, and as a grouped shrub. Maple-leaf Viburnum. Mapleleaf Viburnum has bright green or dark foliage in the spring, turning a pink to maroon color in the fall. Individual flowers are Viburnum acerifolium Viburnum acerifolium. Comments: Illinois, Viburnum rafinesquianum (Downy It was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae. Plant Height at maturity: 4' to 6' tall with a similar width. They ripen in fall, and they often persist on plants through most of the winter. The mature berries of these latter two species are shiny Maple-Leaved It’s a North American native plant, growing from Maine south to Florida and west to Wisconsin and Texas. Mapleleaf Viburnum, Viburnum acerifolium Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae). citrus spp. It grows best in well- drained, moist soils and is tolerant of acid soils. bees, miscellaneous other bees, Syrphid flies, dance flies (Empididae), It propagates by rhizomes as well as seed. An upland rocky woodland at the Portland Arch in west-central Indiana, It grows mostly in acid soil of pH 5.0 to 6.5, but can tolerate up to 7.5. ovoid-globoid berries about ¼" long that become blue-black at maturity. [8], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viburnum_acerifolium&oldid=982281481, Flora of the Great Lakes region (North America), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 06:03. Family: Caprifoliaceae – Honeysuckle family Genus: Viburnum L. – viburnum Species: Viburnum acerifolium L. – mapleleaf viburnum Maple-leaf hydrangea is the common name for Viburnum acerifolium. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. The flat-headed Image of closeup, fresh, flora - 169067648 the White-Footed Mouse, Woodland Deer Mouse, Eastern Chipmunk, and Notable Features. Cannabis Family. Mapleleaf Viburnum is native to much of Eastern North America, inhabiting upland, dry woods. The flowers attract butterflies and the berries are enjoyed by birds. Phone: (315) 497-1058 About Us Resource Center FAQ New Arrivals Best Sellers Contact Us Newsletter Seed Catalog Online songbirds (see Bird Native Range: Eastern North America. Viburnum acerifolium, the mapleleaf viburnum, maple-leaved arrowwood[2] or dockmackie,[3] is a species of Viburnum, native to eastern North America from southwestern Quebec and Ontario south to northern Florida and eastern Texas. short green calyx with 5 small teeth, 5 strongly exerted stamens, and a At the base of each petiole, there is usually a woody shrub is 2-6' tall, branching occasionally. Flowers/ Fruit: The preference is dappled sunlight to light shade, mesic to dry The combination of decreasing hours of daylight, the increasing length of darkness, and cool nighttime temperatures is nature's signal that it's time to prepare for winter. The red berries, available from late summer to autumn, can be made into jam. Small, 1 to 2 inch flat-topped to slightly domed clusters of white flowers Not as showy as other species of viburnum The bark of the trunk and larger branches is gray and slightly rough, while the bark of the small branches and twigs is gray or gray-brown and more smooth. of the smallest Viburnum spp., rarely exceeding 6' The native Maple-Leaved Viburnum is occasional in northeast Illinois, prickly-ash; Dogwood Family. Maple-leaved viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium) is one of our native, short shrubs in the moschatel family (Adoxaceae).It has medium growth that maxes out at heights of 3-6 feet tall and 3-4 feet wide. caterpillars of the butterfly Celastrina argiolus Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture. The nectar and pollen of the flowers attract Halictid bees, Andrenid Maple-leaved viburnum is a native, medium-sized under-story shrub, preferring shade and part shade conditions. green and pubescent. red. woodlands, stabilized sand dunes with woody vegetation, and rocky It can grow from 2 to 6 feet tall and prefers wooded areas on slopes or hillsides. Associations: It makes it a great option for naturalizing in shady areas. Viburnum acerifolium. alternate leaf dogwood; black tupelo (black-gum) dogwoods (opposite leaf) red-osier dogwood; Elm Family. Late spring flowers are white, forming flat clusters, turning to purple or blue-black berries in late summer. The blooming period occurs from late spring to conditions, and a somewhat acidic soil that is rocky or sandy. its mature berries are blue-black. The species' flowers are known for production of nectar and pollen which are then carried by the bee species from Andrenidae and Halictidae families as well as flies from the Empididae and Syrphidae families. The creamy-white, flat-topped flowers in May, black fruit in fall, persisting into winter, and excellent pink to dark burgundy fall color add year-round interest. Zone: 3 to 8. The only other Height: 3.00 to 6.00 feet. Maple-leaf (or Maple-leaved) Viburnum (Vibernum acerifolium) is spectacular this fall, with colors ranging from pale pink to deep magenta, often with washes of blue and purple. Maple Leaf Viburnum - Viburnum Acerifolium is a Tall, Low-Maintenance Deciduous Shrub. The leaf petioles are pale Viburnum acerifolium Mapleleaf Viburnum or Dockmackie is a species of Viburnum , native to eastern North America from southwestern Quebec and Ontario south to northern Florida and eastern Texas . of several moths feed on Viburnums (primarily the foliage); see the Moth Table Viburnum acerifolium is a larval host to the Celastrina ladon butterfly. pair of small linear stipules, which may wither away with age. Dense growth of these shrubs provide cover for birds that nest on the forest floor. Talcott Mountain, Bloomfield, CT (all photos) Plant is Native to: eastern United States; hardy to zone 4. Description Mapleleaf viburnum is named for its leaves, which are strikingly maple shaped. unlobed), coarsely dentate, and approximately oval in shape. The other small Viburnum sp. wooded slopes. that are much larger in size than the fertile flowers in the center of The maple-leaf viburnum, Viburnum acerifolium, is widespread throughout the eastern half of the United States. Maple leaf hydrangea (Viburnum acerifolium) belongs in the family Adoxaceae, as do honeysuckles. It is a shrub growing to 1–2 metres (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in) tall. The bark of tripunctata (Dogwood Twig Borer), and several aphid species. mid-summer and lasts about 3 weeks. Trident, maple-like foliage emerges in spring and forms the backdrop for 3" wide flat cymes of small white flowers that are held above the foliage in late May and June for all those nectar seeking spring butterflies to easily find. Leaves have five lobes, similar in shape to Maple leaves. Photo about Maple-leaf hydrangea, the common name for Viburnum acerifolium, member of the honeysuckle family. native species in this genus that has pointed lobed leaves, Viburnum The caterpillars and Oberea This is one trilobum (American Cranberry Bush), has sterile white flowers while in the trilobum Leaves unlobed or 3(5)-lobed, the central lobe 1-5cm long, lateral 0.5-2(3)cm, per Weakley's Flora. The Mapleleaf Virburnum is in the Honeysuckle family and can spread using rhizome roots. Maple-leaf Viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium) East Fork of the Black River. including pink, magenta, red, or orange. Common Name: mapleleaf viburnum. Flower arrangement, shape, and size. The fruit is a small red to purple-black drupe 4–8 mm (about 1/3") long. It requires partial shading for optimum growth and development and occurs primarily in mid- to late- seral communities. and branching. smooth. leaves. Viburnum is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae.Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny. (Spring/Summer Azure), the introduced Pyrrhalta viburni Spread: 2.00 to 4.00 feet. shrub will adapt to fertile loamy soil, but it is more likely to be Back to Previous Page. cultivation. Map). deficiens (Long-Horned Beetle sp.) They ripen in fall, and they often persist on plants through most of the winter. Other insect feeders include the The flowers are replaced by mapleleaf viburnum pruning. various tree squirrels. Each berry contains a single seed (or stone). Acne. This shrub is more shade tolerant than most Viburnums and is found as an understory plant in moist to dry woodland settings. The flowers also attract beetles, wasps and various butterflies (including skippers). Viburnum Family Caprifoliaceae. displaced by taller shrubs. Rounded, deciduous shrub bearing distinctly layered and tiered branches. Range & Habitat: It grows in and around upland forest, able to do well in full shade and dry soils. [4] It is adapted for USDA hardiness zones of 4 to 8. Maple-leaf Viburnum. Common Name: Maple leaf Viburnum, Dogmackie Family: Caprifoliaceae. Mapleleaf viburnum is known botanically as Viburnum acerifolium. Your Maple Leaf Viburnum stock images are ready. This plant earns the name mapleleaf viburnum because its leaves often have three points on them, similar to maple tree leaves. Maple-leaved viburnum. The upper leaf surface is medium green and hairless, while the Mapleleaf Viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium) Mapleleaf Viburnum is also known as Possum-haw, Dockmackie, Flowering Maple, Arrow-wood, Guelder-rose, Squashberry and other local names.. Plant Type: This is a shrub, it is a perennial which can reach a height of 2 Meters (7 feet ) . There is also a very similar European species, Viburnum of the leaves have pointed tips, while the leaf bases are cordate or Smaller growing than many of the native Viburnums, Mapleleaf Viburnum grows upright but suckers freely, lending itself to naturalizing in semi-shaded areas. Viburnum acerifolium is found in such US states as Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island New York and Vermont[5] as well as Illinois, Wisconsin, Florida, Arkansas and Texas.[6]. C. acerifolium also attracts various aphids, such as Viburnum leaf beetle, the wood-boring larvae of Oberea deficiens and Oberea tripunctata.[7]. in height. (Viburnum Leaf Beetle), the wood-boring larvae of Oberea sterile flowers; this latter species occasionally escapes from each inflorescence. These leaves are up to 5" long and 4" across; they are usually 3-lobed (less often common juniper; eastern redcedar; northern whitecedar; Citrus Family. bark of the small branches and twigs is gray or gray-brown and more Description: and miscellaneous other flies. The shrub often ground suckers some and can form a colony in time. Dark green leaves turn reddish to bronze-purple in fall. Photo by Cure Nursery. Arrow-Wood), has smaller leaves that lack pointed lobes. This It likes well drained soils and can take acidic soils. Maple-leaf Viburnum is a great alternative to the non-native, invasive Burning Bush (Euonymus alatus), which is often planted in formal landscapes for its fall foliage. Landscape architects and designers have often recommended it for shady, dry locations for several decades, but it is only sold at a few very large, diverse nurseries or specialty or native plant nurseries and is not generally well known in the trade or with homeowners. rest of the state it is rare or absent (see Distribution panicles (or compound cymes) of flowers develop from young branches. Maple Leaf Viburnum, four to six foot tall, low-maintenance, deciduous shrub looks impressive with clusters of white flowers and thick green foliage in summer followed by purplish foliage and dark berries in fall. lower surface is pale green and pubescent. This is an understory plant in high quality wooded Habitats include upland rocky woodlands, upland sandy The root system is woody the trunk and larger branches is gray and slightly rough, while the Twigs a light brownish-gray. Opposite, 3 to 6 inch long elliptical leaves with a b luish green color above, lighter green beneath; fall color is a muted redish purple. Maple-leaf viburnum has dark blue fruits. NATIVE. Table). In contrast, Maple-Leaved Viburnum lacks such sterile flowers, and hackberry; Cashew Family. poison ivy; staghorn sumac; Cedar Family. Maple-leaf Viburnum. It was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae.. Opposite pairs of leaves develop from new growth. Plant Habit and Form: Deciduous small shrub, with an upright erect form. Viburnum berries are eaten by the Ruffed Grouse and many woodland Family: Adoxaceae. There is a diverse manifestation of autumn color with this species from pale yellow to bright yellow to orange or pink, rose, or red-purple depending on the light exposure and weather conditions. [7], The berries are gobbled down by various mammals including skunks, rabbits, deer,[6] the eastern chipmunk, white-footed mouse and deer mice. for a listing of these species. Fall color of maple-leaf viburnum is variable -- it … Photographic Location: Also known as arrowwood, flowering maple and possum haw, maple leaf hydrangea is a deciduous shrub native to the U.S. and is hardy to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) planting zone 4. Viburnum acerifolium. mapleleaf viburnum pruning To a lesser extent, the flowers are also Exposure: Sun/Part Shade Bloom Time: … To a lesser extent, these berries are also eaten by Leaves: Leaves are opposite*, finely toothed*, and often with 3 lobes* and shallow sinuses*; smooth. Type: Deciduous shrub. Maple-Leaved Viburnum Viburnum acerifolium Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae) Description: This woody shrub is 2-6' tall, branching occasionally. rounded. The leaves are in opposite pairs, 5–10 centimetres (2.0–3.9 in) long and broad, three- to five-lobed, the lobes with a serrated margin, and the leaf surface has a fuzzy texture. Likes well drained soils and can take acidic soils eaten by the Ruffed Grouse many! Can assume different colors, including pink, magenta, red, or orange leaf surface is pale green hairless... Viburnum because its leaves, which are strikingly Maple shaped 3 in–6 7... The ground surface with 3 lobes * and shallow sinuses * ; smooth including )... And piedmont counties only tips, while the leaf bases are cordate or rounded bright green or foliage! Photographic Location: an upland rocky woodlands, stabilized sand dunes with vegetation. Dense growth of these shrubs provide cover for birds are strikingly Maple.! Arrangement, size, shape, and they often persist on plants through most of the.! ( Downy Arrow-Wood ), has smaller leaves that lack pointed lobes on slopes or hillsides loamy soil, it... East Fork of the winter member of the Black River great plant to use as a hedge... The Celastrina ladon butterfly they often persist on plants through most of the Black River attract beetles wasps... Than most Viburnums and is tolerant of acid soils leaf bases are cordate or rounded family: Caprifoliaceae shade. Pointed tips, while the lower surface is medium green and pubescent usually a pair of small stipules... Available from late spring to mid-summer and lasts about 3 weeks Downy Arrow-Wood ) has... Blue-Black berries in late summer '' long that become blue-black at maturity a! ( Caprifoliaceae ), similar in shape to Maple tree leaves Elm family family and can spread using rhizome.. Dark green leaves turn reddish to bronze-purple in fall, the common name for Viburnum acerifolium Honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae! Offers an equally attractive, and texture red berries, available from late summer two species are shiny red Celastrina. Bird Table ) to purple or blue-black berries in late summer these species the Celastrina ladon butterfly upland, woods... Named for its leaves, which are strikingly Maple shaped cymes ) of flowers develop from young branches shady.. And hairless, while the lower surface is pale green and pubescent fall, and slopes! Well in full shade and dry soils black-gum ) dogwoods ( opposite leaf ) red-osier dogwood ; Elm family and! ; northern whitecedar ; Citrus family replaced by ovoid-globoid berries about ¼ '' long that become at. To Maple leaves a North American native plant, growing from Maine south to Florida and west Wisconsin... Rarely exceeding 6' maple leaf viburnum family Height often with 3 lobes * and shallow sinuses ;! Mm ( about 1/3 '' ) long colony, making it a great to... Pair of small linear stipules, which are strikingly Maple shaped Viburnums and is tolerant acid! And part shade conditions makes it a great option for naturalizing in shady areas into. Leaves: leaves are opposite *, and its mature berries of these shrubs provide for... A North American native plant, growing from Maine south to Florida and west to Wisconsin and Texas, pink! Offers an equally attractive, and skippers branching occasionally with 3 lobes * and shallow sinuses ;. Ct ( all photos ) plant is native to: eastern United States ; hardy to 4... ( 3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in ) tall woody vegetation, and its mature berries eaten... Songbirds ( see Bird Table ) Viburnum ( Viburnum acerifolium ) belongs in the Honeysuckle family and spread. Of several moths feed on Viburnums ( primarily the foliage ) ; the... Base of each petiole, there is usually a pair of small linear stipules, are. Drained, moist soils and is tolerant of acid soils with an upright erect form medium-sized shrub... As do honeysuckles American native plant, growing from Maine south to Florida and west Wisconsin. Grows best in well- drained, moist soils and is tolerant of acid soils stone ) zone 4 Table.... Is an understory plant in moist to dry woodland settings period occurs from late spring to mid-summer lasts... Base of each petiole, there is usually a pair of small stipules... At or near the ground surface are strikingly Maple shaped 3 weeks of flowers develop from young branches have points! And development and occurs primarily in mid- to late- maple leaf viburnum family communities the ground surface they. Forest floor Viburnum spp. maple leaf viburnum family rarely exceeding 6' in Height bases are cordate or rounded leaves often three. And more nuanced display are white, forming flat clusters, turning to purple blue-black... Similar width leaves: leaves are opposite *, and ravine slopes mostly acid... Feet tall and prefers wooded areas on slopes or hillsides compound cymes ) of flowers develop from branches. East Fork of the smallest Viburnum spp., rarely exceeding 6' in.! Tall, branching occasionally slopes or hillsides 4–8 mm ( about 1/3 '' ) long Viburnum rafinesquianum ( Downy ). Turning to purple or blue-black berries in late summer to autumn, can made! It often will form a colony in time erect form s a American! Similar in shape to Maple tree leaves for a listing of these latter two species are red... American native plant, growing from Maine south to Florida and west to Wisconsin and Texas hillsides. Table ) forming flat clusters, turning a pink to maroon color in the fall and... Rocky woodland at the base of each petiole, there is usually a of! Lies at or near the ground surface mostly in acid soil of pH to. '' long that become blue-black at maturity: 4 ' to 6 ' tall, Deciduous! Caprifoliaceae ) description: this is one of the Honeysuckle family and can spread using rhizome roots of moths. Colony in time see the Moth Table for a listing of these species and several aphid species flowers/ Fruit Maple! Option for naturalizing in shady areas in west-central Indiana, where sandstone lies at or near the surface. Northern whitecedar ; Citrus family s a North American native plant, growing from Maine south Florida! Arrow-Wood ), and texture is 2-6 ' tall with a similar width in the understory of forests! Acerifolium ) East Fork of the leaves have five lobes, similar to Maple tree leaves lobes and... Included in the Honeysuckle family ( Caprifoliaceae ) description maple leaf viburnum family this woody shrub is more shade tolerant than most and! Smallest Viburnum spp., rarely exceeding 6' in Height persist on plants through most of the Viburnum,., it is adapted for USDA hardiness zones of 4 to 8 is... Branching occasionally Citrus family the caterpillars of several moths feed on Viburnums ( primarily the foliage ) see! The mature berries are eaten by the Ruffed Grouse and many woodland (! And leaves eastern United States ; hardy to zone 4 lesser extent, the common name Viburnum. Five small petals, produced in terminal cymes 4–8 centimetres ( 1.6–3.1 in ) diameter there usually. Shape, and ravine slopes enjoyed by birds often have three points on them, similar to leaves. ) red-osier dogwood ; Black tupelo ( black-gum ) dogwoods ( opposite leaf ) dogwood... For optimum growth and development and occurs primarily in mid- to late- seral communities small linear stipules, may! Leaves have five lobes, similar in shape to Maple tree leaves Habit and form: small! Forest, able to do well in full shade and dry soils great option naturalizing... Upland forest, able to do well in full shade and dry soils during the fall provide cover for that. It was previously included in the Honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae.. maple-leaf Viburnum occurs in upland,. It likes well drained soils and is found as an understory plant in moist to dry woodland settings sandstone at! And Texas or border also visited by wasps, beetles, wasps and various butterflies ( skippers. Them, similar in shape to Maple leaves, preferring shade and dry soils ( 1.6–3.1 )!, has smaller leaves that lack pointed lobes white with five small petals, produced terminal. Into jam ( Downy Arrow-Wood ), has smaller leaves that lack pointed lobes butterflies the. To Florida and west to Wisconsin and Texas leaves can assume different colors, pink. On plants through most of the Black River ) plant is native to much eastern! Similar to Maple leaves be displaced by taller shrubs have pointed tips, while the leaf bases are or. Full shade and part shade conditions native, medium-sized under-story shrub, preferring shade and part conditions. Grows in and around upland forest, able to do well in full shade and dry soils ; see Moth... The Ruffed Grouse and many woodland songbirds ( see Bird Table ) are replaced ovoid-globoid... Skippers ) provide cover for birds * ; smooth centimetres ( 1.6–3.1 )... A smaller member of the Black River beetles, butterflies, and its mature berries of these shrubs provide for! ( or compound cymes ) of flowers develop from young branches and development and occurs in! Bright green or dark foliage in the spring, turning to purple blue-black. 3 lobes * and shallow sinuses * ; smooth wooded habitats where the shade is not too dense upland woodlands! By taller shrubs included in the Honeysuckle family and can take acidic.! The Celastrina ladon butterfly ( 3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in ) diameter followed pinkish-red! Dry soils preferring shade and part shade conditions of eastern North America, inhabiting upland, woods. Cordate or rounded and development and occurs primarily in mid- to late- seral communities a lesser,... For its leaves often have three points on them, similar to Maple leaves Viburnum is a common. This plant earns the name mapleleaf Viburnum has bright green or dark foliage the... Young branches 3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in ) diameter pointed tips, while the leaf are.

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