No drum is necessary as the recording medium itself is moving. (2) Solar-cell-type sunshine recorder (Figure 7.4) A solar-cell-type sunshine recorder is an application of the contrast method presented in the CIMO Guide. Instrument Campbell-Stokes sunshine recorder (Figure 1) How it works A spherical glass lens burns a trace in a specially-shaped card in sunshine Pros Long-established (developed in 1870s) Standard method for many years, now being superseded by electronic sensors Cons Burn threshold very variable Measurement of burn length very subjective (± 15%) Campbell-Stokes Pattern Sunshine Recorder employs a glass sphere to focus the sun's rays to an intense spot, which will burn a mark on a curved card mounted concentrically with the sphere. Sunshine is recorded with a simple, yet clever device, called a Campbell-Stokes recorder, the design of which goes back to 1879. 7.1.2 Sunshine Duration Measuring Instruments Campbell-Stokes sunshine recorders and Jordan sunshine recorders have long been used as instruments to measure sunshine duration, and are advantageous in that they have no moving parts and require no electric power. - Answers The Campbell-Stokes recorder (sometimes called a Stokes sphere) is a kind of sunshine recorder. Instrument: Campbell-Stoke Sunshine Recorder. The Campbell-Stokes Sunshine Recorder is manufactured by Fairmount Weather Systems to the specifications of the British Meteorological Office and is used extensively by government meteorological services world wide. Below are checklists of Sunshine recorders and solar-related instruments on postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.). Sunshine Recorder (1603) and (1604) (160x) Sunshine Recorder Operating Instructions Description The Campbell Stokes sunshine recorder is a self-recording instrument for the continuance of sunshine. The most potent radiation that creates the highest potential for concentration and conversion is the bright sunshine, which has a large beam component. It was invented by John Francis Campbell in 1853 and modified in 1879 by Sir George Gabriel Stokes. Sunshine hours (or, more correctly, hours of bright sunshine) is the traditional measure of the amount of sunshine that a location has received. It was determined by comparing the sunshine duration recorded using a Campbell-Stokes sunshine recorder with the actual direct solar irradiance. An alternative method of measuring solar radiation, which is less accurate but also less expensive, is using a sunshine recorder. Image Credit Flickr User LaurentKB The Campbell–Stokes Recorder comes in a variety of sizes, some … If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page. In 1964 the Campbell-Stokes Sunshine Recorder was adopted by the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) as their Interim Reference Sunshine Recorder for use in all … Campbell-Stokes sunshine recorder with the actual direct solar irradiance. What is unit of measurement for sunshine recorder? The duration of the bright sunshine at a locale is measured, for example, by a photoelectric sunshine recorder. The natural solar radiation is notoriously intermittent and varying in intensity. corresponding to the definition of direct solar irradiance, and the processing unit counts two minutes of sunshine for every four pulses. In this device a glass sphere concentrates sunlight onto a card and the amount of scorching on the card records the amount of sunlight that had fallen on it. Catalog numbers, years of issue, and notes on the items featured are given when available. Element: Sunshine Duration. As the earth rotates the position of the spot moves across the card. The person recording the length of sunshine in a single day would simply add up the length of the burn marks to measure the sunshine. The sunshine recorder is used to measure sunlight used in a day. These sunshine recorders (also known as Campbell-Stokes recorders), measure the number of hours in the day during which the sunshine is … The effect of heat of the sun is used as recording medium. With a simple, yet clever device, called a Stokes sphere ) is a kind of sunshine every... But also less expensive, is using a sunshine recorder is used to measure sunlight used a. 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