He was able to establish an Academy in Athens which is identified as Western society’s first institution of higher learning. The Contribution of Ancient Greek Philosopher to Psychology: Aristotle. Aristotle is one of influential philosophers whom stressed a virtuous character. One among the greatest philosophers of ancient Greece was Plato, a student of Socrates. This list of ancient Greek philosophers contains philosophers who studied in ancient Greece or spoke Greek. Here, I’ll talk about the most important ancient Greek philosophers that enriched today’s worldwide culture with their wisdom, making a name for Greece’s values that holds true to this day. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. His poems and thoughts have always seemed to be significantly influenced by the philosopher Xenophanes, leading most historians to believe that he must have been his pupil. Unlike his counterparts that believed in generalizing knowledge, Aristotle categorized it into various fields like physics, biology, ethics and maths. The History of the Atom 3: The Periodic Table reviews the early developme… This is partly because, unlike most of their predecessors, what they wrote survived in an accessible form and partly because Christian thought, which was the dominant thought in the Western world during the Middle Ages and early modern age, contained a high dose of Platonic and Aristotelian influence. Read More. He was able to revolutionize the modern world through his teachings. All Rights Reserved. He worked hard to answer this question all through his life. Socrates (470/469–399 B.C.E.) These ideas fomented the French Revolution, and more broadly, helped bring an end to a centuries-old entanglement between Church, Crown, and Country. The ancient Greeks were the first civilization that began to ponder the big questions of life. Ancient Greek philosophy began in Miletus with the pre-Socratic philosopher Thales and lasted through Late Antiquity. Indeed, questions like the source of human thoughts, the mechanism of cognitive activity, and the nature of emotions, perception and voluntary movement, were disputed by Greek scientists. They laid down some of the primary fundamentals of philosophy which the … Pre-Socratics, group of early Greek philosophers, most of whom were born before Socrates, whose attention to questions about the origin and nature of the physical world has led to their being called cosmologists or naturalists. This is not so today, but still, the ancient Greek philosophers continue to influence modern thought. Interestingly enough, the Greek philosophers thought of themselves as scientists rather than thinkers. Famous Greek Philosophers Imagine the genre of philosophy without Aristotle, Socrates, Thales, Pythagoras or even Epicurus? Belonging to the pre Socrates era, Pythagoras was an influential mathematician as well as a philosopher who is best known for his theory called Pythagoras Theorem. Ancient Greece is known as the time of philosophers, with many of the world’s most influential philosophers and theologians being of this time. Here is a list of the top 15 famous Greek mathematicians and their contributions! Plato’s disciple, Aristotle was an influential Greek philosopher who excelled in fields like mathematics, physics, astronomy and biology apart from introducing new and innovative concepts in philosophy. Belonging to the ancient Greek society prior to Socrates, Anaxagoras was also a scientist and a teacher who worked for 30 years imparting lessons to his students in Athens. This ancient Greek philosopher established a school of philosophy where he conducted studies and researches to correlate philosophical aspects and real life. The Ancient Greek philosophers were definitely ahead of their time! Ancient Greek Philosophers and their Philosophy. Among the most significant were the Milesians Thales, Anaximander, and Unlike his counterparts who merely preached their philosophies without practicing them in real life and simply designed new sets of rules governing ethics and moral of living in a society, Socrates was a deep thinker who always propagated exercising different philosophies in leading normal lives. Socrates embarked a whole new perspective of achieving practical results through application of philosophy in our daily lives. is justified true belief, an influential notion that shaped educational theories across time. to the… Socrates: Athens’ street-corner philosopher Socrates was the big-city philosopher in ancient Athens. 2002). He also belonged to the pre Socrates society and was an influential figure in ancient Greece. Jules Evans explores seven that could help employees live their lives better Plato and Aristotle are the two most important Greek philosophers. These cookies do not store any personal information. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. What sets Ancient Greek philosophers apart is that most of their philosophers learned under the same man and they directly interacted, either confirming or contradicting each other face to face. There are over 90 Pre-Socratic philosophers, all of whom contributed something to world knowledge, but scholar Forrest E. Baird has pared that number down to a more manageable 15 major thinkers whose contributions directly or indirectly influenced Greek culture and the later works of Plato and Aristotle: He wrote a poem called ‘On Nature’ in which he dealt with a very intriguing question ‘is it or is it not’? He was an answer seeker for which he roamed the cities and markets and had open discussions with people he met randomly. The Socratic philosophers in ancient Greece were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. The name has it all, which in Greek means “renowned, glorious”. He was a priori, a rational philosopher who sought knowledge logically rather than from the senses. One among the greatest philosophers of ancient Greece was Plato, a student of Socrates. Pythagoras - Pythagoras is most known for the Pythagorean Theorem which is used to find the length of sides of right triangles. Accused and convicted of corrupting the youth, […] More on Ancient Greek Philosophers visit Listverse for their Top 15 Ancient Greek Philosophers! Humanities › Philosophy Important Philosophers and Their Works Any student of philosophy will want to be familiar with key figures like Plato, Kant, Descartes, Locke, Nietzsche, Marx, Confucius, Sartre; as well as great works such as The Republic, Beyond Good and Evil, Meditations, and more. Greek philosophers Leucippus and Democritus first developed the concept of the atom in the 5 th century B.C.E. One among the greatest philosophers of those times was Plato, a student of Socrates. These two philosophers have shaped the moral philosophy in guidance to their respective cultures. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Ancient Greece - Philosophers webquest print page. The History of the Atom 2: Dalton explores early milestones in atomic theory and the role of John Dalton. Greek philosophers were "seekers and lovers of wisdom". This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Greek philosophy covers an absolutely enormous amount of topics including: political philosophy, ethics, metaphysics, ontology (the study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality), logic, biology, rhetoric, and aesthetics (branch of philosophy dealing with art, beauty, and taste). Parmenides was a known follower of Pythagoras, another renowned figure in the philosophical paradigm of ancient Greece. Any student of philosophy will want to be familiar with key figures like Plato, Kant, Descartes, Locke, Nietzsche, Marx, Confucius, Sartre; as well as great works such as The Republic, Beyond Good and Evil, Meditations, and more. The Acropolis, or "high city," was designed as a rallying point for a city under attack. Indeed, questions like the source of human thoughts, the mechanism of cognitive activity, and the nature of emotions, perception and voluntary movement, were disputed by Greek scientists. 10 Modern Philosophers and their Contribution to Education Two and a half millenniums ago, Plato stated that knowledge. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Prior to the development of this system by Thales of Miletus (l. c. 585 BCE), the world was understood by the ancient Greeks as having been created by the gods. The famous Greek philosophers were among the most influential people in history because they invented both philosophy and science. Much of Western philosophy finds its basis in the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Many leading concepts in modern neuroscience find their origin in the speculation of ancient Greek philosophers and physicians. Important Philosophers and Their Works. Education does not necessarily make a philosopher, however a degree is often acquired by many. Back to History for Kids. Their work has been the main focus of interest for students of philosophy and specialists. His contributions to the discipline of mathematics are today still very much in use in our educational institutions, with other theories arising from his theorem developed to solve issues affecting the modern world. Plato. We are bringing before you a list of 15 great Greek philosophers that changed the very facet of humanity. Their approach to philosophy was based on reason and evidence as opposed to mythology. It’s not difficult to apply ancient wisdom to modern business. Plato preached his philosophy that was based on a threefold approach, namely – ethics, dialects and physics. Here are the five most important Greek philosophers and their contributions to serious thought: Pythagoras . Even though the great Greek philosophers lived in much different times, some things never change. Some of the most famous and influential philosophers of all time were from the ancient Greek world, including Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Plato From the sixth century B.C.E. Socrates was a paragon to philosophers, literally, lovers of wisdom (see Phaedo, Crito, and Apology in Plato, trans. Ancient Greek philosophy began in Miletus with the pre-Socratic philosopher Thales and lasted through Late Antiquity. Plato preached his philosophy that was based on a threefold approach, namely – e… We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. However, since Aristotle and other prominent thinkers of the time strongly opposed their idea of the atom, their theory was overlooked and essentially buried until the 16 th and 17 th centuries. Philosophers turn their hurtful experiences into lessons and share them to save several others from the vices of life. Other Greek Philosophers. Pre-Socratics & Their Contributions. To help achieve "eudaimonia" - or "the good life" - companies can learn from the techniques of Greek philosophers. Many leading concepts in modern neuroscience find their origin in the speculation of ancient Greek philosophers and physicians. True wisdom is eternal. 14 Facts about W.EB. Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BC and lasted through the Hellenistic period (323 BC-30 BC). Image Credit: laphamsquarterly In ancient Greece, philosophers had a special place and were considered influential people. 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