However, this is not always the case. This is certainly true in the Arab world. This will help avoid any cultural faux pas and help you enjoy your trip and interact with locals, without offending anyone. As few as they are, they have succeeded in shedding some light on the corruption and repression of the Arab governments and dictatorships.  "Now, newspaper ownership has been consolidated in the hands of powerful chains and groups. The difference is that there is a worldwide audience witnessing this crackdown and watching as laws are created and recreated to attempt to control the vastness of the Internet..  Many boys and girls in countries where belly dancing is popular will learn how to do it when they are young. North Africa includes Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Tunisia, Morocco and Mali. The seven emirates making up the UAE are Ajman, Ras al-Khaimah, Abu Dhabi (which is the capital), Dubai, Sharjah, Umm al-Quwain, and Fujairah. Al-Khansa, a female contemporary of Muhammad, was an acclaimed Arab poet. People are encouraged and enabled to join in political discussion and critique in a manner that was not previously possible.  Margaret Nydell, in her book Understanding Arabs: A Guide for Modern Times, writes "family loyalty and obligations take precedence over loyalty to friends or demands of a job. They have to be very careful in social situations because those interactions can be interpreted negatively and cause gossip, which can tarnish the reputation of women. Tash, Abdulkader. The Internet has brought a medium to Arabs that allows for a freedom of expression not allowed or accepted before.  Ramprasad and Hamdy's sample of 112 Egyptian journalists gave the highest importance to supporting Arabism and Arab values, which included injunctions such as “defend Islamic societies, traditions and values” and “support the cause of the Palestinians.” Sustaining democracy through “examining government policies and decisions critically,” ranked a close second. By the 1970s, Egyptian radio had fourteen different broadcast services with a total air time of 1,200 hours per week. Some more recent assessments of Al Jazeera have criticized it for a lack of credibility in the wake of the Arab Spring. The Emirati guthra is usually white and can be used as a wrapped turban or traditionally with the black agal.  The term "Arabic dance" is often associated with the belly dance. Tarek Mahfouz explains in the book "Arab Culture"  that it is common for Arabs in dinner situations to insist on guests to eat the last piece of the meal or to fight over who will pay the bill at a restaurant for generosity. Before the introduction of the printing press Muslims obtained most of their news from the imams at the mosque, friends or in the marketplace.  As with most aspects of Arab media, censorship plays a large art of creating and distributing films. People who are relaxed and personable enough to establish relationships tend to be more successful. Censorship plays a significant role in journalism in the Arab world. Star Academy began in 2003 in the Arab world. Most Arab countries did not produce films before independence. The basis of the Arabic music is the maqam (pl. There are 40 private radio stations throughout the Middle East (list of private radio stations in the Arab world). Imams (preachers) played a role in disseminating information and relating news from the authorities to the people. Arabs are ethnically, religiously, and politically diverse, but ultimately share a linguistic and cultural heritage. , Important differences between journalists in the Arab world and their Western counterparts are also apparent. (n.d.): 23. Colonial powers and Christian Missionaries in Lebanon were responsible for the introduction of the printing press. It is not polite to say “No”. Girls would mainly dance by moving their hips and hair while men perform dances reenacting past battles. Yet there are a few key traits that seem to be engrained throughout the multitude of Arab Muslim cultures and world views spanning the globe. Arab states are intimately involved in the economic well-being of many Arab news organizations so they apply pressure in several ways, most notably through ownership or advertising. The oral tradition remains strong, particularly storytelling and poetry, and most state events are accompanied by … The first Games were held in 1953 in Alexandria, Egypt. Only Egypt has far exceeded these countries, with a production of more than 2,500 feature films (all meant for cinema, not television). In Sudan, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, production is even now confined to short films or television. The efforts by the various regimes to control the information are all falling apart gradually. The Saudi society has evolved over the years, their values and traditions from customs, hospitality to their style of dressing, are adapting with modernization. 10 Tips on Arab Culture for Successful Business in the Middle East - Duration: 4:08. Over the years, the UAE has had a wide range of occupants such as the British who have also played a role in shaping the culture. 1: An In-depth Look at Arab Culture Through Cartoons and Popular Art (English and Arabic Edition). The Arab world includes Muslims, Christians and Jews. Censorship comes in a variety of forms: Self-censorship, Government Censorship (governments struggle to control through technological advances in ex. A scholar from the 8th century who was known as Al Khalil bin Ahmed mostly influenced a huge part of the style of poetry. The maqam consists of at least two jins, or scale segments. "The Internet in the Arab World: Playground for Political Liberalization."  These conservative practices are put into place to protect the reputation of women. This geo-political crisis environment that currently frames Arab politics and Arab–Western relations is the backdrop to the controversy surrounding the social and political impact of Arab reality television, which assumes religious, cultural or moral manifestations.". ... Hospitality is another deeply rooted value and an important cultural norm in Arab societies. Arabs are generally very socially-oriented people. Red and white checkered headdress – Generally of Jordanian origin. Print. Arab Culture, Vol. Some countries' newspapers were government-run and had political agendas in mind. Just like most of the other countries in the world, western culture has played a part in shaping the cuisine of the UAE. The frame story of Shahrzad seems to have been added in the 14th century. The programs were all government controlled, and much of the motivation for the government's investment in radio was due to the aspirations of President Gamal Abdel Nasser to be the recognized leader of the Arab world. All the Muslim festivals have originated from the life of its founder prophet Mohammed. Ami Ayalon argues in his history of the press in the Arab Middle East that, “Private journalism began as an enterprise with very modest objectives, seeking not to defy authority but rather to serve it, to collaborate and coexist cordially with it. Neighboring Bahrain had radio by 1955, but Qatar, Abu Dhabi, and Oman did not start indigenous radio broadcasting until nearly a quarter century later. "In most Arab countries, film projects must first pass a state committee, which grants or denies permission to shoot. During the reign of the Abbasid Caliph Harun al-Rashid in the 8th century, Baghdad had become an important cosmopolitan city. Muslim’s literature is in Prophet’s language that is Arabic and most of this literature is religious. These may be folk dances, or dances that were once performed as rituals or as entertainment spectacle, and some may have been performed in the imperial court. " Star Academy in Lebanon is strikingly similar to American Idol mixed with The Real World. Wearer has made Hajj and comes from a country with a Monarch. The first newspapers were limited to official content and included accounts of relations with other countries and civil trials.  It related the achievements of tribes and defeats of enemies and also served as a tool for propaganda. How Many Emirates Are There in the United Arab Emirates? Though most of these countries follow the basic rules that are mentioned in the Quran. The years of the Internet's introduction in the various Arab countries are reported differently. By the 11th Pan Arab Games, the number of countries participating reached all 22 members of the Arab League, with roughly over 8,000 Arab athletes participating, it was considered the largest in the Games' history, with the Doha Games in 2011 expected to exceed that number. Arabic literature is the writing produced, both prose and poetry, by speakers of the Arabic language. Mellor, Noha. 1. Independent newspapers began to spring up which expressed opinions and were a place for the public to out their views on the state. Arabs reserve the right to look at the world in a subjective way. In the 1990s the spread of satellite television began changing television in Arab countries. Arabian music is, however, very familiar with the ostinato, as well as with a more instinctive heterophonic way of making music. " She goes on to state that "members of a family are expected to support each other in disputes with outsiders. But ego is a close second". Iraq has produced approximately 100 films and Syria some 150. Shafik, Viola. The Making of Arab News. Saudi Arabia’s cultural heritage is celebrated at the annual Jenadriyah National Culture and Heritage Festival. Ed. Criticism has come from within the Arab Middle East, including from state governments. Muslim Arab women are taking part in playing on futsal, football (soccer), softball, basketball, and various other teams. Sharjah is particularly active in promoting culture and was chosen by UNESCO as the Arab Cultural Capital in 1998. Mutton is the most popular type of meat. https://classroom.synonym.com/arabic-customs-traditions-12079962.html Journalism ethics is a system of values that determines what constitutes "good" and "bad" journalism. maqamat), which looks like the mode, but is not quite the same. A report by the Dubai School of Government and Bayt.com estimates that there are more than 125 million Internet users in the region, and that more than 53 million of them actively use social media. By Ferdinand Bada on November 23 2018 in Society. The number of Arab internet users interested in political affairs does not exceed a few thousands, mainly represented by internet activists and bloggers, out of 58 million internet users in the Arab world. To get a broad view of the Arabic Culture click on Arabic Cultural Traditions! In fact, the religion is the state religion in the Emirates. However, Iran and Turkey, which many people consider Arab nations, are not part of this group because they speak Farsi or Turkish. For example, to the extent that family reputation and personal reputation are fundamental principles in Arabian civilization, exposes of corruption, examples of weak moral fiber in governors and policy makers, and investigative journalism may have massive consequences. In most Arabian countries, magazines cannot be published without a government-issued license.  A system of media values consists of and is constructed by journalists' and other actors' decisions about issues like what is "newsworthy," how to frame the news, and whether to observe topical "red lines. By tradition we mean the passing on of culture, principles, beliefs, practices etc from generation to generation. Neither the institution nor the society in which it functions can be understood properly without reference to the other. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005. The Internet is a vast and seemingly endless source of information. Among Arab countries, Egypt has been a leader in radio broadcasting from the beginning. Muslim online dating — this is what you need to start an acquaintance with this world, if you are really serious. The Pan Arab Games are a regional multi-sport event held between nations from the Arab world. Patterns of consumption also affect media values. Songs and dances are usually common in social events such as weddings and parties. Arabic Thinking. The culture of Saudi Arabia is defined by its Islamic heritage, its historical role as an ancient trade centre, and its Bedouin traditions. During this time, many of the stories that were originally folk stories are thought to have been collected orally over many years and later compiled into a single book. Data from the Pew Research Center shows that 76% of the population is Muslim with Christianity coming next with a following of 12.6%. The Internet has created a new arena for discussion and the dissemination of information for the Arab world just as it has in the rest of the world. Muslim culture represents the unification of all the cultures influenced by common beliefs and practices. The UAE is part of the tradition known as Arab khaleeji. Pintak furthers, "Now, there are 263 free-to-air (FTA) satellite television stations in the region, according to Arab Advisors Group. Arab folk dances also referred to as Oriental dance, Middle-Eastern dance and Eastern dance, refers to the traditional folk dances of the Arabs in Arab world (Middle East and North Africa). Arabian cuisine today is the result of a combination of richly diverse cuisines, spanning the Arab world and incorporating Levantine, Egyptian, and others. In most countries, like Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Jordan, Syria, Palestine and Egypt, the veil is not as prevalent. Merchants from Persia, China, India, Africa, and Europe were all found in Baghdad. Illiteracy rates in the Arab world played a role in the formation of media, and due to the low reader rates newspapers were forced to get political parties to subsidize their publications, giving them input to editorial policy. It does not include works written using the Arabic alphabet but not in the Arabic language such as Persian and Urdu literature. While some believe that it is the harbinger of freedom in media to the Middle East, others think that it is a new medium for censorship. For these people, they have a kind of music known as Yowla while the Bantu people hailing from Africa’s Great Lakes region mainly influence dances. The term “As God wills it” is a nicer way to say “No.” 2. Vol. ", Al Manar: owned by Hezbollah; Lebanese-based; highly controversial, Checkered headdresses relate to type and government and participation in the. Arab culture is the culture of the Arabs, from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea in the north to the Horn of Africa and the Indian Ocean in the southeast. Adherence to traditional dress varies across Arab societies. Women around the world have struggled in the professional world of sports since it has been something that has been dominated by men. Saudi Arabia is more traditional, while Egypt is less so.  Freedom of speech and money have little to do with why satellite television is sprouting up everywhere. Yet, profit is not the driving force behind the launching of newspapers; publishers may establish a newspaper to ensure a platform for their political opinions, although it is claimed that this doesn't necessarily influence the news content". Coales… Unfortunately those same tools are being used to arrest bloggers and those who would just wish to be heard. However, there are many styles of traditional Arab dance, and many of them have a long history. As of 2013, the combined population of the emirates stood at 9.2 million people. Family honor is one of the most important characteristics in the Arab family. Arab culture teaches that the needs of the group are more important than the needs of one person. The circuit is popular as it is the first one to hold a Formula One race that started during the day and ended at night. By contrast, he supposes that Arab newspapers are designed more for elite-consumption on the basis of their low circulation. The Arab world is in conflict internally. Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha are some of the religious festivals originating from events occurring in the life of Mohammed. Presently, the country has been confirmed as the host of the 2019 AFC Asian Cup. Coffee would be included as well. Despite reports that use of the internet was curtailed by lack of English skills, Dr. Wheeler found that people were able to search with Arabic. ‘Muslim culture’ represents many distinct Muslim cultural groups such as the Asian Muslims, the Middle Eastern, the African, the European and the American Muslims, all of them with their own divergence in customs and traditions. Never openly refuse a request from a friend.  Further, according to Leo Gher and Hussein Amin, the Internet and other modern telecommunication services may serve to counter the effects of private and public ownership and patronage of the press. That's double the figure as of just two years ago". However, wearing clothes that are deemed inappropriate could be a cause of being arrested in the UAE. Arab dress for men ranges from the traditional flowing robes to blue jeans, T-shirts and business suits. The Arab world is sometimes divided into separate regions depending on different cultures, dialects and traditions including: • The Levant: Lebanon, Syria, Palestine and Jordan. It is then followed by a troupe of drummers that play traditional, upbeat Arabic music. ... Arabic: Life and Tradition - Duration: 5:21. " Such a system of values varies over space and time, and is embedded within the existing social, political, and economic structures in a society. Vol. The founding of the Qatari Al Jazeera network in 1996 especially affected media values. Kuldip Roy Rampal's study of journalist training programs in North Africa leads him to the conclusion that, "the most compelling dilemma faced by professional journalists, increasingly graduates of journalism degree programs, in the four Maghreb states is how to reconcile their preference for press freedom and objectivity with constraints imposed by political and legal factors that point to a pro-government journalism. Practices differ between countries and families. The trichord is three notes, the tetrachord four, and the pentachord five.  In the Arab world, as far as content is concerned, news is politics. Lebanon, owing to an increased production during the 1950s and 1960s, has made some 180 feature films. In the Arab world, culture and tradition are strong influences on family life, including how children are raised. The cultural aspect of Saudi Arabia is represented in the following: Saudi Arabia enjoys great culture and heritage, affirming the depth of its civilization as well as its historic presence through the ages upon which the country stands …  The most significant taboo topics under state supervision are consistent with those of other forms of media: religion, sex, and politics. On the Arabian Peninsula, radio was slower to develop. The Arab League Satellite Broadcasting Charter (2008) lays out principles for regulating satellite broadcasting in the Arab world.. In modern times, other forms of music have emerged with the current generation blending the past and the present. The maqam usually covers only one octave (two jins), but sometimes it covers more than one octave. Folk Music, Dance & Poetry. This is because poetry was used in pre-Islamic time to advertise the strength of a tribe's king, wealth and people. For Rugh, the proportion of radio and television receivers to Arab populations relative to UNESCO minimum standards suggests that radio and television are the most widely consumed media. Each country or region in the Arab world has varying colloquial languages which are used for everyday speech, yet its presence in the media world is discouraged. Currently MSA is used by Arab media, including newspapers, books and some television stations, in addition to all formal writing. The suq or marketplace gossip and interpersonal relationships played an important role in the spreading of news, and this form of communication among Arabs continues today. How the Internet has snowballed in the Arab world. Ed. In the following decades Arab media blossomed due to journalists mainly from Syria and Lebanon, who were intellectuals and published their newspapers without the intention of making a profit. Thus much Arabic music is homophonic in nature. 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