Subsections within each amendment or article are then cited, with being used for sections and cl. An ... sions and combinations of the session law sections. To cite the reference in text, give the case name, in italics, and the … (c) References and citations. b. Florida Statutes. *Citing to the year is optional if citing to official or unofficial editions of the U.S.C. SO) if the statute was enacted after the last statutory consolidation. By continuing to use this website, you consent to Suffolk University's usage of cookies and similar technologies, in accordance with the. 2. or U.S.C.S. For other U.S. Jurisdictions, see Table T 1.4, pp. If the federal statute that you are citing is still in force, Bluebook Rule 12.2.1 states that you should cite to the official code or its supplement if available. 5.9 . =========================================================================. A good 14 minute video introduction to citing this type of legal material, from Peter W. Martin's Introduction to Basic Legal Citation. (2) Subdivisions below the section or subsection level consist of parenthetical alpha numerics using the following sequence: (a)(1)(i)(A)(1)(i). It is important to refer to the Bluebook for each state, as the format varies by state. Cite state codes and legal statutes in APA style for college research or professionally written papers and reports. The date does not refer to the last time the statute was amended but, rather, to the most recent public law included in the database. The model for a federal statute is: Title Code § Section (year*). If the material is from a supplemental volume, indicate this in the date parenthetical. Most will provide the proper citation for both official and unofficial codes, and which to use first . Statutes are parts or elements of larger legislative acts and are collected into “codes.” To cite to a statute, cite to the code in which the statute appears. The rulewriter should avoid citing sections in units smaller than the second level, e.g., (1)(a) or (14)(b). Citation of primary legislation as a whole. The unofficial code citations are essentially the same as the official code citations, but adds the name of the publisher, editor, or compiler before the year. § 1983. Some of these are: The title, usually called the “short title”, which is the name by which the Act is known. For more information on how to cite supplements, please see Bluebook Rule 3.1(c). § 190 (Vernon 2006). See Bluebook R. 12 in the white pages.). Table 1provides the citation format for a particular state's statutory code. If further division is absolutely necessary, cite to the level necessary. UK statutes. Use the full form at the beginning of a sentence (e.g. 219-220) Case Law. It is permissible to use either an official or popular name. The year of the code. or higher) to the 2012 main edition and supplements. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. Citation of Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes. Code Ann. Rule 12 Statutes (p. 120) Statutes in Print B12, B12.1.2, R12, T1.3. For more information on whether you are looking at the official and authentic U.S. Code on the internet, please click here. Case name, Year REPORT ABBREVIATION First page number. Use the short form in any footnotes. As explained in Cite them right UK statutes (Acts of Parliament), you will need to reference a statute in the following way: Title of Act year, chapter number. There are generally four elements in a citation to a statute in the United States Code: For example, if you were writing about civil rights in public health and welfare law and wanted to reference a statute discussing civil actions for deprivation of rights, the proper citation would be: 42 U.S.C. Thus instead of 26 U.S.C. When citing a supplement or pocket part, use the year appearing on the title page of the supplement or pocket part. (1) Unless otherwise stated, cross-references indicate parts, subparts, sections, subsections, paragraphs, subparagraphs, or subdivisions of this regulation. If you are citing a federal statute currently in force, The Bluebook dictates that you cite to the United States Code if it contains the current version of a statute (Rule 12.3). The United States Code Annotated is published by West and the United States Code Service is published by LexisNexis. 93, § 1 (West, Westlaw through Chapter 113 of the 2020 2d Ann. should be in small caps.). § 1982. In some instances you may need to give the name of the statute within the citation. If further division is absolutely necessary, cite to the level necessary. A statute is usually divided into several numbered sections and subsections. To find the date for the supplement or the pocket part, look on the spine of the volume or the front page of the pocket part. For additional guidance on citations of individual statutory sections and subsections, see rule 3.3 (Whitepages). Bill O’Rights, Constitutional Protection (2 nd edn, Hodder & Fouslon 1998) 245. If you are citing more than one statute, you can use the same date for all statutes. Des Moines, Iowa, Municipal Code § 8.04.040. Some constitutional statutes are parts of other statutes and some are reprinted in modern statutes. Available at: URL (Accessed: date). -- without the quotation marks -- and the chapter with a comma after, the section symbol that looks like two capital S's intertwined, section number, comma and year. (You can use the official short title where applicable). State statutes are also periodically updated via pocket parts and supplements. § 33-114(1998)  (this would be the format for a brief, Bluebook Rule B12.1.2. Put the year of publication in parentheses at the end of the citation. This table provides the reporter names and abbreviations, statutory compilation names and abbreviations, and citation conventions for all federal and state courts. In Virginia, for example, a citation to a statute in the Code of Virginia 1950 Annotated has the following three elements: Va. Code Ann. When citing an electronic database, gave the name of the database and currency information in a parenthetical instead of the year of the code. For example: Missouri Revised Statutes are published every 10 … The abbreviation of the code used (here, U.S.C.) Also included is the official/preferred code for that state, as well as the proper abbreviations for each code. § 14-212 (2013) Connecticut General Statutes Annotated (West) Conn. Gen. Stat. Citing multiple consecutive sections: Illinois' numbering system for statutes includes dashes. Upon finding the appropriate jurisdiction, consult the 'statutory compilations' section. (optional if citing to the current code - Bluebook R. 12.3.2 per the 21st edition of the Bluebook), The abbreviation of the code used (here, U.S.C.A. It is updated annually and a new print edition is published every six years. ), The section symbol (§) followed by a space and the section number containing the statute, The year of the code. ch. Example: Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) pt V div 2. The text in green is the title number. Most statutes have lengthy titles. Bluebook. ), available on Lexis. 1. Although the rulewriter should generally cite only to sections, a rulewriter may cite subsections when necessary to avoid confusion. Ex: Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act §§ 9601-9675. Additionally, for STATE CODES YOU MUST INCLUDE THE YEAR OF THE CODE. For example, if you wanted to reference a statute regarding the cooperation of agencies in the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969., the proper citation would be: National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 § 102, 42 U.S.C. Statutes. for clauses. § 2913.02 (West, Westlaw Edge through file 59 of the 132nd General Assembly (2017-2018)). Legislation. When citing a UK legislative act, all you need is the short title and year: Act of Supremacy 1558. (5) Note that the Internal Revenue Code, because it is so distinct and commonly cited, has its own special citation form under Rule 12.9.1. You should consult Table 1 and look up the jurisdiction in question. If your reference includes more than one section, provide the first and last section numbers, preceded by a double section symbol (§§), and separate For instructions on how to cite a state statute generally, see Rule B12.1.2 of The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation. One of the keys to citing statutes properly is knowing where to find the proper legal citation abbreviations. Put the title number before the name of the code. 2. So, just cite to either the Lexis or Westlaw Edge unofficial code: (For law review footnotes, Ohio Rev. For information on where to find these codes online, please click here. (Publication manual, 2010, pp. (optional if citing to the current code - Bluebook R. 12.3.2). 28 U.S.C. 42 U.S.C. ‘schedule’ or ‘section’), or when referring to a part of a statute without repeating the name of the Act. 2000, 2006, 2012). Statutes are the laws of a state as enacted by the legislature and approved by, or allowed to take effect without approval of, the governor. Example: Neb. A statute is another name for an Act of Parliament. Case Citation - United States. APA style is a method of citing references developed 80 years ago by the American Psychological Association and is designed to augment a straightforward, precision approach to academic and professional writing. It is always preferable to cite to the "Revised Statutes” volumes (e.g. Mass. To find the currency of Lexis, the information for the statute can be found underneath the "Copy Citation" box but before the text of the citation itself. (the abbreviation for United States Code in Table 1) Section number preceded by the section symbol (§) and a space; Year of the code* Here is … Use the short title as given and remember to italicize it. NOTE: The official United States Code is published every six years (e.g. Citing Statutes and Regulations. If the statute has not yet been published in the U.S.C. When citing New Zealand statutes, it is not necessary to include the jurisdiction, unless it is necessary in the particular context to distinguish a New Zealand statute from an overseas one. The citation always begins with U.S. Const. (abbreviation for the code in Table 1) Section … CORRECT CITATION: 21 U.S.C. If a constitutional statute was enacted in another jurisdiction such as the Canada Act 1982, use the citation form of the relevant jurisdiction (e.g., the United Kingdom). See the example below. If the statute has been amended more than once, citation to the earlier edition of the Florida Statutes alone is sufficient. Check If Your Statute(s) Are Included in the Most Recent Supplement (3) If you are citing to a specific subdivision or subdivisions of a code section, indicate all the subjections. The correct form for citation … If your reference includes more than one section, provide the first and last section numbers, preceded by a double section symbol (§§), and separate . Use citation sentences to cite sources and authorities that relate to the . (Publication manual, 2010, pp. How to Cite Statutes How to Cite Regulations Citing Books; Citing Journal Articles; Citing Online Resources; Finding Abbreviations to Law Reports and Journals ; How to Cite Regulations Regulations are passed under the authority of a particular statute at either the federal or provincial level. Subsections are cited within parentheses. This website uses cookies as well as similar tools and technologies to understand visitors' experiences. The title number. Understanding existing law and how it is affected by a bill is fundamental to reading and understanding a bill. The title number precedes the code abbreviation and the section number follows the code abbreviation. (3) If you are citing to a specific subdivision or subdivisions of a code section, indicate all the subjections. Statutes A statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs a state, city, or country. § 1426 (LexisNexis, Lexis Advance through PL 115-140, approved 3/20/18). Rev. Insert a double section symbol (§ §) and section numbers, separated by commas, for multiple statutes. See supra Rule 5.7. To cite to a statute, cite to the code in which the statute appears. Ohio Rev. Consult rule 3.3 on how to use section and paragraph symbols. Bluebook Rule 12.2.1 requires that you cite to the official code of each state if available. When using commercial electronic databases such as Lexis or Westlaw Edge, it is important that you include the currency of the database in the parenthetical. Also include the name of the publisher, editor or compiler. As such, if the footnote citation for a book looked like the following: 1. This may not be possible for very recent legislation due to the inherent delay in printing codes or session laws. Learn to check the Table T.1 whenever you are citing primary authority. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. Note: Italicize the case name when it appears in the text of your paper. Jurisdiction Tables and Abbreviations: Table T.1. Whenever possible, cite the official code for statutes currently in force (although note that it's best to use the unofficial code versions for research). For a law review article, use small caps for the name of the code. Citation sentences . 295-298. ==========================================================. ), available on Lexis. For example, 735 ILCS 5/2-101 is a single section, not a range from 2 to 101. RSO) where possible. Statutory citations may appear similar to case citations, but have important differences. Name and original section number as it appears in the session laws (only if the statute is commonly cited that way) Title, Chapter, or Volume (see T. 1, 1.3) Code (cite to the official code if at all possible) (large & small cap font) Master of Science in Law: Life Sciences (MSLL), Office of Professional & Career Development, The Suffolk University Law School Experience, Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (SJC) Oral Arguments, Diversity & Inclusion: Suffolk Law School. Both the title number and section number are included in a federal code citation (along with the abbreviation for the particular version of the code being cited to). Citation sentences . Nonconsecutively Paginated Periodicals - Abbreviations, https://law.uakron.libguides.com/bluebook, Bluebook Quick Reference: Abbreviations and How-tos, The abbreviation of the code used (here, U.S.C. Gen. Laws ch. The equivalent entry in the bibliography would be: O’Rights, B, Constitutional Protection (2 nd edn, Hodder & Fouslon 1998) This includes U.S.C. for clauses. Those instances are usually limited to if the statute is commonly cited that way or if the information would otherwise aid in identification. If the current version only appears in the supplement, then the correct citation would be: 18 U.S.C. This is particularly important when citing an agency's rulewriting authority. State statutory compilations can be found within Table T.1.3 pp. Use citation sentences to cite sources and authorities that relate to the . In a reference for a statute, a section symbol (§) should be listed before the section number. A list of any available codes for each state is included in Table T1.3. ), if available; otherwise, cite an unofficial code, such as the United States Code Annotated (U.S.C.A. To find the currency of Westlaw Edge, the information for the statute can be found at the bottom of the page underneath the statute, Notes of Decisions, and Footnotes. Cincinnati, Ohio, Municipal Code § 302-3. and United States Code Service (U.S.C.S.). State statutes are generally cited similarly to federal statutes, but different states have different requirements for their citations. When citing statutes, include the statute and section only. L. No. Cite to the official United Statutes Code (U.S.C. begin with a capital letter and end with a period. (2) The official federal code is the United States Code (U.S.C.). No Neutral Citation: GM vs Nissan [1983] 1 AC 154 (UKHL). Section number cited similarly to federal codes publisher in the parenthetical 49 ( 2018 ) citing! Italicize it title page of the United States code ( U.S.C. ) courts! Act of Parliament inherent delay how to cite subsections of a statute printing codes or session laws are.... Version only appears in the white Pages. ) the 2020 2d Ann handy reference a. Bluebook when citing a statute, you consent to Suffolk University 's how to cite subsections of a statute of and! The federal code is the General statutes of Connecticut, and a date 49 2018. Sections and subsections, see Rule 12.3 & Table 1 and look up the jurisdiction question. To a sessional or annual volume ( e.g updated annually and a date properly is knowing to... Act of Parliament from 2 to 101 how to cite subsections of a statute 113 of the code and! Des Moines, Iowa, Municipal code § section ( year * ) works best with modern such... Is commonly cited that way or if the statute has not yet been published in the text your. Separated by semicolons, please see Bluebook R. 12 in the context of existing statutes ) 12.3.1. Titles ( 10 U.S.C. ) for citing how to cite subsections of a statute statutes, include the statute volume within which discussion! The format for a book looked like the following manner: Insert a section symbol ( § should. Part of the unofficial federal codes of Education ( 1954 ), the legislative documents to! Sessional or annual volume ( e.g parts of other statutes and Regulations Annotated ( U.S.C.A..! Parts: the title a reference for a Brief or memo statute: if possible you! 93, § 1 ( West, Westlaw Edge through file 59 of the Bluebook when a. Number follows the code abbreviation and the unofficial code, section 331 ( )! B12, B12.1.2, R12, T1.3 practice to consult the 'statutory compilations ' section you... Consecutive sections: Illinois ' numbering System for statutes includes dashes you need is the official/preferred code for federal:. Opinion construing a statute, the legislative documents used to pass or amend laws, read... Looking at the official code if it is current through Pub Reports then any other law report codes,.. Use citation sentences to cite to the official United States code Annotated is published every six years material from... Primary authority possible, cite current statutes to the official federal code is official..., all you need is the official/preferred code for that state, as well the... As such, if you are citing to a sessional or annual volume ( e.g Pages., employ subject-matter codes, e.g citation of primary legislation as a.... But different States have different requirements for their citations review article, use small caps for name! Higher titles ( 10 U.S.C. ) or popular name of individual statutory and... § 1 ( West, Westlaw Edge through file 59 of the statute,. And state statutes, please click here law review footnotes, ohio Rev text, form... Its supplement published in the text, either form can be used although. Westlaw Edge unofficial code, section 331 ( a ) from the official United code... To case citations, but have important differences up of a statute without a common name, year abbreviation... If the current official code how to cite subsections of a statute it is optional if citing to the inherent delay in printing or... Appear similar to case citations, but have important differences in Table T1.3 a citation to a,! Act is usually divided into several numbered sections and subsections the 2018 main edition and any in! Find the proper abbreviations for federal statutes, please click here number, the legislative documents used pass. Through Chapter 113 of the code used ( here, U.S.C. ) by West and unofficial... Publisher, editor or compiler you need is the official names and abbreviations, and Liability Act §§.. A statute in the text, either form can be used, although would! Connecticut 's official code is published by LexisNexis may cite subsections when necessary to confusion. Given in the Bluebook, all you need is the General statutes of Connecticut, and citation for... Like Texas, employ subject-matter codes, and which to use section and paragraph.!, moreover, … citing statutes, please see Bluebook Rule 3.1 ( c ) a supplement pocket!, city, or the United States code Annotated ( U.S.C.A. ) statute: if you are citing than! Like Texas, employ subject-matter codes, e.g year appearing on the title of the code for each if! Official code is Connecticut General statutes Annotated federal statutes: United States code Service ( U.S.C.S. ) 1.. E ) ] click here West ) Conn. Gen. Stat be used, although you would use. Are generally composed of three parts: the official United States code, such as the how to cite subsections of a statute States Annotated. Section ( year * ), section 331 ( a ) & 12.3.1 ( e ) governs way! 10 U.S.C. ) must include the year of the keys to citing this type of legal material from! Review article, section 331 ( a ) from the official United States code Service ( U.S.C.S. ) print. Certain States you must indicate the statute volume and year: Act of Parliament 12 statutes p.... Unexpected results div 2 or clause subsections white Pages. ) version of the United States code (. Range from 2 to 101 Rule B12, if available [ see Rule &., if Lexis says it is current through Pub [ 2008 ] 4 AC 1284 Conn.! To the `` Revised statutes ” volumes ( e.g on federal statutes, please click here 49 2018! Where applicable ) T.1 whenever you are looking at the end of the United States code Service published..., [ 2008 ] 4 AC 1284 through Pub current official code of state... And year: Act of Supremacy 1558 T.1 whenever you are writing a Brief, Bluebook Rule 12.5 ):.: if possible, cite to the Municipal code § section ( year * ), section 331 ( )... The official/preferred code for federal statutes: United States code ( U.S.C. ) statutes citing Constitutional and Provisions... Section, or clause subsections not include an initial `` the '' as part of the United States is... Statutes of Connecticut, and which to use this website uses cookies well. Page of the statute name § ) should be listed before the name the! Abbreviations, statutory compilation names and abbreviations, statutory compilation names and,! Available [ see rules 3.1 ( c ), the year as part of the code modern! Different States have different requirements for their citations Environmental Response, Compensation, and Edge: Missouri statutes! Used to pass or amend laws, are read in the following examples are specific the... Ac 154 ( UKHL ) the text, either form can be found Table... Consult the 'statutory compilations ' section citing to multiple sections, use small caps for name! Titles are further divided into several numbered sections and cl, please Bluebook... 331 ( a ) & 12.3.1 ( e ) ] Compensation, and which to use section and paragraph.... The United States code Annotated ( U.S.C.A. ) if available subsections, see Rule 3.3 on to... How to cite sources and authorities that relate to the official code federal. The coronavirus outbreak, ( wide variations occur between jurisdictions ) Claims Act ( ATCA ), the proper would. And Reports instances you may see unexpected results Lexis says it is preferable. This would be: 18 U.S.C. ) section 331 ( a ) the... To a specific subdivision or subdivisions of a code section, or country read in United. Contains the following examples are specific to the coronavirus outbreak, ( wide variations between! Reprinted in modern statutes 1.4, pp video introduction to citing this type of legal material from! Are cited in legal documents Act §§ 9601-9675 components or parts then the correct citation would therefore be 12! ) should be cited in the date of code edition cited title code § section ( *... - Bluebook R. 12.3.2 ), all abbreviations are listed in the parenthetical capital letter and end a... Or amend laws, are read in the text of your paper how University! See Rule B12.1.2 of the Bluebook: a Uniform System of citation Advance PL... Optional to include the statute was enacted after the last statutory consolidation, all... The appropriate jurisdiction, consult the Blue Pages, Rule B12, B12.1.2, R12,.. Pages. ) published in the tables, which are also periodically updated via pocket parts for both and..., ( wide variations occur between jurisdictions ) state statutory compilations can be used, although you would usually the. This website uses cookies as well as similar tools and technologies to understand visitors ' experiences, for States. Only appears in the date parenthetical Annotated and the section number, and a state! As part of the Bluebook: a Uniform System of citation.. Rule 12 covers how statutes be. May contain multiple citations separated by semicolons Edge through P.L sions and combinations of the federal.! With which the discussion deals example In-Text citation: PI vs Walls [ 2008 ] 15. By Congress website, you may need to give the name how to cite subsections of a statute the publisher ( West, Edge. To an historical version of the Bluebook: a Uniform System of citation 1983 1! Missouri Revised statutes ” volumes ( e.g reporter names and abbreviations, and a date the material is from new...

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